The Oggayam in Tinguian Society

Meghjarani, Karen Cindy B. (2002) The Oggayam in Tinguian Society. Masters thesis, De La Salle University.

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This is a study on the oggayam, an extemporaneous song performed by the Tinguians of Abra, Philippines. This research focuses on the oggayam of the Tinguians of various lowland areas, namely: Bangued, Danglas, Manabo and Penarrubia, as well as the upland area of Sallapadan. The pieces gathered from these areas were performed in the lowland dialect of Il-laod.These texts were then organized by loosely following the life cycle, from birth to death. For this study, the materials were divided into two groups: 1) life-related occasions consisting of: welcome, peace pact/bedeng and wedding/pakalon; and 2) after death-related events such as the cleansing or casting away of sorrow/wacsi and the end of mourning/lay-og.The form, authors/carriers, setting, social and cultural context, participants, and content of the oggayam, were discussed in order to understand its function in Tinguian society, both in the past and in the present. Through field work, participant observation, interviews, and documentary research, eleven (11) oggayam texts were recorded, collected and transcribed and interpreted. The interpretations were simply for purposes of understanding the meaning of the oggayam texts. After the performances were studied, an analysis of the oggayam in Tinguian society reveals that, in the past, the oggayam was significant to the Tinguians, for through it they were able to express their joys, sorrows, opinions, suggestions and ideas. They were also able to share and value their culture and preserve it because they were able to impart their knowledge to the next generation. Today, the oggayam is even more significant, because there is a threat to its life. If it disappears, the occasions and rituals during which it is sung will be incomplete, because this song serves to validate the traditional beliefs, attitudes, and customs of the Tinguians. Moreover, it continues to evolve and to adapt itself to the changing times and generations of Tinguians who bring new experiences, ideas and issues to their society. The oggayam is not only adaptable; it is also timeless. Although the form remains, the content changes with the current circumstances. It is flexible and attuned to the times. The oggayam remains to be a significant and effective form of Tinguian oral literature. It is recommended that the Department of Education recognize and include the oggayam in the curriculum of Philippine schools as part of literature, music, humanities and social studies classes to impart ethnic literature appreciation and interest. Textbook writers could also include selections about the oggayam in the books they write. Another aspect that can be looked into is providing musical transcriptions for the oggayam texts gathered to present it from a musical perspective. Finally, if this research is expanded by other scholars, and the text are included in the canon of regional folk literature, the threat of extinction of our country's rich literature will be eliminated.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Abra, cultural performance, cultural performance criticism, cultural performance history, rites and rituals
Depositing User: Repo Admin
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 14:53
Last Modified: 12 May 2017 14:53

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