The Significance of Mariano Proceso Pabalan in Capampangan Dramatic Literature

Javillonar, Ely V. (1961) The Significance of Mariano Proceso Pabalan in Capampangan Dramatic Literature. Masters thesis, University of the Philippines, Diliman.

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There is a huge body of Capampangan literature, and an outstanding component of this literature is the zarzuela. The vernacular zarzuela in the Philippines was born at the turn of the century with the presentation of Mariano Proceso Pabalan’s Ing Managpe (The Patcher) on September 13, 1900 in Bacolor, Pampanga. This was a year or two earlier than Severino Reyes’ zarzuelas and many years earlier than Asisclo Jimenez, Buenaventura Rodriguez, or Catalino Palisoc’s. The form, by its very nature, cannot accommodate serious themes, but it lends itself very well to light comedies (be they farces, or satires, or melodramas). This circumscribed scope of subject is its only limitation, but aside from this limitation, it lives as any other type of play and must be treated and evaluated as such. Its world, where there is singing and dancing mingled with dialog, must be judged by standards of logical probability and all actions (like exits and entrances, to name the simplest “action”), must be guided by legitimate criteria of good motivation, etc. Applying this principle in judging zarzuelas, one finds that most of them fail as plays for various reasons, foremost of which are the writers’ lack of knowledge of the rules of playwrighting and the pecuniary nature of their motives for writing. Mariano Proceso Pabalan’s plays, however, when tested and judged by accepted standards of playwrighting, are very good indeed, structurally. They are not too well remembered today solely because they were about the manners and idiosyncrasies of the period in which he lived, light topics all which lent themselves very well to the zarzuela. He wrote about a dozen original plays and translated two from Spanish. Ing Apat Ya Ing Junio is his only zarzuela which is not about the habits of his contemporaries, but it is a commemoration of an event of his age. Judging Mariano Proceso Pabalan side by side with Aurelio Tolentino and Juan Crisostomo Soto, using legitimate standards of the play, one finds him better than these two in his knowledge and practice of the rules of the game.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: drama history, drama, Pampanga drama, Mariano Proceso Pabalan
Depositing User: Machine Whisperer
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2017 07:54
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2017 04:03

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